Linux is equally versatile and self-destructive. I once erroneously replaced a critical file, and all hell just broke loose. That said, don’t delete anything you haven’t created and you will do better than me.
It goes without a saying that OSX and Linux are both based on Unix, so if you own a Mac computer, don’t waste your time with this post!
Since Ubuntu, whose architecture is Debian-based, is free and actively supported by the community, this tutorial focuses on installing this Linux-flavour.
There are basically two ways to get Ubuntu running on your Windows computer. The first way is to install a Virtual Machine. Despite being easier to configure, the ones I have tried seemed not running smoothly. The second is to create a partition and make the two OS peacefully coexist. In this tutorial, I’ll cover the latter option. To do so, you’ll need to follow the steps below.
- Create a partition in your computer
Open the menu and type “Create and format disc partitions”. Right-click on unit C: and choose “Reduce Volume”. Then select how much space you’d like dedicate to Ubuntu.
- Download Ubuntu
Go to Ubuntu’s official website and download the latest version available (NOTE: to date, is Ubuntu 18.10).
- Download Rufus
Go to Rufus’ official website and download the latest version of the software (NOTE: to date, is Rufus 3.3).
Pick an empty USB flash drive (or DVD)
Open Rufus and select your USB flash drive in the Device tab (again, or DVD). Then select “ISO image” in the browser next to the DVD icon. Lastly, hit the Start button.
- Install Ubuntu
NOTE: Some developers have implemented the UEFI firmware in their devices, which sometimes may give you problems when installing another OS. If this is your case (the only way to be sure is actually trying and horrendously failing) enter in the UEFI while starting your computer (i.e., press ESC or whatever key your system has designated). Go to Secure Boot and (1) disable “Safe Boot” and (2) enable “Legacy Compatible”.
Be sure your USB flash drive is plugged in and restart your computer. Eventually, a message will pop up. Hit on “Install Ubuntu”. Theoretically, Ubuntu should detect that a Windows OS is already installed. Likewise, it should be aware that you’ve already made space for Ubuntu in your hard-drive. Choose then “Install Ubuntu along with Windows”.
- Install GRUP
GRUP is a boot manager. It will allow you to choose between the two OS everytime you start your computer. To do so, open a Terminal window in Ubuntu (CTRL + T, or right-click and “New Terminal Window”), type
sudo update-grub2, and press Enter. Type the administrator password you just set a few minutes ago when installing Ubuntu and, again, hit Enter.
Now, restart your computer and make sure everything is working fine. GRUP should ask you whether you want to start your computer on Windows or Ubuntu.